Oxygen masks are used to transfer oxygen from the storage tank to the lungs. Face masks usually cover the nose and mouth, but sometimes the face mask may cover the entire face. If it covers only the mouth and nose, it is called a nasal mask. If it can cover the entire face, it is called a full face mask.
Oxygen masks made of plastic, silicone or rubber can be used. Healthcare providers usually choose plastic oxygen masks. The plastic version of the mask is cheap and disposable, so it is easy to maintain. It is also very lightweight, so it doesn't feel uncomfortable to put on the patient. The biggest advantage of the plastic oxygen mask is that the medical staff can see the patient's face. This makes it easy to see if the patient has any pain or distress.
Oxygen masks come in a variety of styles. More than two oxygen masks are used in the medical field. However, the following three types are the most commonly used types in hospital settings:
The most widely used type is the simple oxygen mask. The oxygen mask is used for non-life threatening conditions that may deteriorate. For example, if the patient is admitted to the hospital with chest pain, the doctor is likely to let the patient wear a simple mask.
It can be set to deliver a certain amount of oxygen to the patient, but the oxygen may be diluted by the air in the room. Therefore, if the oxygen mask is loosely installed, a large amount of air may enter and mix with oxygen.
There is a device called an oxygen concentrator that can be connected to a simple oxygen mask to help control the oxygen concentration. It can help, but it cannot fully control the oxygen flow.
Non-breathable oxygen masks are suitable for more severe conditions. The oxygen mask can be used for severe trauma, carbon monoxide poisoning or other diseases that require patients to absorb large amounts of oxygen.
It uses an air bag, and oxygen enters between breaths. The oxygen mask also has a valve to prevent indoor air from entering the mask. In severe cases, it is important for patients to receive pure oxygen without dilution with conventional air. Therefore, unlike other oxygen masks that sometimes allow patients to breathe pure air, this oxygen mask will definitely not.
It is called a non-breathable oxygen mask because patients do not need breathing assistance, they only need oxygen.
The last of these three oxygen masks is called a bag valve mask. This applies to critically ill patients who have difficulty breathing or stop breathing completely. This mask provides 100% pure oxygen. It also has a bag that must be manually squeezed to help the patient breathe. Bags can do things that the lungs cannot.
You must ensure that the correct oxygen mask is selected according to the situation. If you provide home medical services, you may need a simple mask in an emergency. If you need more serious help, you need the help of a doctor. For people working in medical institutions, you may need more than one type of mask.
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