Crimes against property are the social relations in the sphere of distribution of material goods intended for individual or collective consumption or for the industrial activity. Some of the offenses are associated with violence, such as robbery, while others, such as burglary, theft, shoplifting, vandalism, vehicle theft, and arson, do not normally involve the use of physical force against the victims. The property is the main object of such crimes while individuals may also become the objects. It is expressed in taking money or property without offending victims. These crimes imply criminal acts directed at destroying or stealing someones property without the owners consent. As a rule, the criminal law does not consider this type of crime as serious as violent crimes, but individuals who commit them can face serious felony charges. This paper aims to observe the types of crimes against property, giving a detailed description of them.
Burglary means entry into somebodys home or business building with the aim of committing a crime, especially theft. About the half of burglaries are usually not reported because the victims do not rely on solvability of such cases that is rather low around the country. Many findings prove that burglaries usually occur during the day when nobody is home, mostly in late summer. Burglaries are committed in most cases from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., in daylight, at a time when all are at work, at school, or on holidays. An experienced burglar can easily identify whether tenants are at work or at home. Most states sentence a person convicted of the burglary to imprisonment.
Burglars are professionals who constantly acquire new knowledge and skills in their work, and actively share them with each other. Therefore, their knowledge base of burglary affairs increases every day. There are new tools and methods of breaking into a building, but, at the same time, there appear increasingly sophisticated security systems, programs, and methods of protection. For example, crime-preventions programs involve neighbors and the community to prevent burglary in their locations. The most common example of burglary is when an individual enters a house through a window and steals different valuable items, such as money, gold, or other property.
The objective of theft is to steal secretly the property of another person without his knowledge. Stealing is recognized in the following situations. Firstly, it occurs in the absence of the owner of property, as well as other people related to the property. Theft can be done at night by cracking the locks; a stranger enters, for example, a cellar, seizes the property and escapes being noticed by nobody. Secondly, theft may be committed in the presence of the owner, but without their knowledge. For example, a thief can take an advantage of a seller being distracted and not watching for a while, and he can steal some items from the store and run away. Thirdly, theft can be committed in the presence of witnesses who are not aware of the wrongfulness of a thiefs actions, believing that they have the right to property. For example, a person may sit in a parked car in front of a group of people who believe that the vehicle belongs to him, and actually in front of them to steal it.
Often, there are situations when the theft that has begun in secret, becomes obvious to the owner or other people. If the offender stops committing the theft, his actions must be qualified as an attempted theft. If an offender continues to commit a crime, this theft can acquire dangerous forms, turning into violent theft or robbery depending on the nature and intensity of violence used. Therefore, in most states, theft is punished by sending a thief to jail.
Shoplifting is a kind of stealing in stores that involves people of any age, gender, race, and economic background. According to the researches, such people fall into two categories: professional shoplifters and amateur. As a rule, professional shoplifters take valuable items, such as expensive clothing or jewelry, that can be easily resold. Amateur shoplifters do not have the intention to steal something from the store; they steal only in the case if they see such an opportunity. They do this because of different reasons. For example, some shoplifters steal items from the stores in order to survive, while others may have a psychological disorder, e.g. kleptomania. Interestingly, many shoplifters have a good economic status and can pay for their purchases. Still, shoplifting is a kind of stealing, and an individual can be arrested and receive heavy penalties for their actions.
It appears that many people do not realize the situation that occurs due to shoplifting. For example, shoplifting can affect a persons life, such as getting a job in the future. In fact, a person receives a bad record for his or her further life. Therefore, it is important to perceive seriously this type of crime against property.
Vandalism is another type of crime against property that implies the destruction of property. It also may be presented in the form of desecration of buildings or other structures, damage to property in the public transport or in other public places. The desecration of buildings or other structures is expressed in a variety of applications of obscene inscriptions on the parts of the buildings, structures, and so on. These can include drawing obscene pictures, and mocking slogans. For example, damage to property in the public transport or other public places may be seen in causing damage to seats in trains, trams, and buses, to elevators, equipment, telephones, benches in parks, amusement playgrounds, etc. Desecration of burial places is also classified as vandalism. This type of crime is spread among teenagers. Such actions are qualified as hooliganism or deliberate destruction or damage of property.
Vehicle theft is another form of crime against property often perpetrated by teenagers and young people for joyriding. According to the researches, about 20 percent of vehicle thefts are committed with the aim to resell auto-parts on the black market. To prevent crimes, the owners install ignition locks and car alarms. Unfortunately, only a small amount of vehicle theft cases is solved, although it is one of the most frequent crimes against property in the United States.
Arson is the intentional damage to property with the use of fire. It also refers to individuals who burn their own property. The main reasons for arson may include insurance fraud, revenge or hate. Nowadays, arson is often used by individuals who commit terrorist attacks. This type of property crimes is very dangerous because it can cause damage to peoples health and life.
The property has often become an object of crimes. These crimes involve actions of destroying or stealing private property with different aims. These actions deprive the owners rights to own, use, and dispose of their property. As a result, different types of crimes against property affect owners and their rights. Property crimes are rather challenging for society and need more effective measures to stop them. Although these crimes are not considered as serious as violent crimes, individuals who commit them can face serious felony charges. Furthermore, the government authorities should improve the legislation to prevent them and protect owners from possible losses.
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