Arabica coffee is a form of coffee made from the coffee plant's beans. Arabica originated in Ethiopia's southwest highlands and is the most popular type of coffee in the world, accounting for 60% or more of the world's coffee production.
Why is this coffee called "Arabica?"
It's called Arabica coffee because the beans went from Ethiopia to Arabia in the seventh century. The beans were crushed and mixed with fat in Ethiopia to be eaten by the Oromo tribe as a stimulant.
Yet "coffee" was born when they arrived in Arabia. It was first published by Arab scholars who said it helped them to extend their working hours as a brewed beverage. Coffee is spread all over the world from there. When, for the first time in Arabia, coffee beans were brewed into a delicious drink, it is easy to see why it is called arabica coffee, and why it is also known as Arabica coffee.
What's the taste of arabica coffee?
Arabica is called a coffee merlot, it has a mild flavor, and it can be described as having a sweetness to coffee drinkers, which is light and airy, like the mountains from which it originates.
Growing preferences of arabica coffee.
It takes about seven years for Arabica to fully mature. In higher altitudes, it grows best, but can grow as low as sea level. Low temperatures can be tolerated by the plant, but not frost. Two to four years after planting, small white, highly fragrant flowers are produced by the arabica plant. The sweet fragrance is like the sweet smell of the flowers of jasmine.
The berries, like the leaves, are dark green until they start to ripen, first to yellow and then light red and finally to a glossy, deep red. They're named "cherry" at this stage and they're ready to pick. The beans inside are the reward of the berries, usually two per berry.
Are there different types of coffee beans from Arabica?
The coffee bean from Arabica has a large family from which hundreds of varieties are produced. Some of these varieties are unique to specific coffee-growing regions, while other varieties are grown around the world in many areas.
Here are some of Arabica's most common types.
Typica: Typica is considered to be one of the first varieties of coffee produced today by other varieties. It is known for its sweet cup. Typica is most often cross-bred with other varieties.
Bourbon: Bourbon is one of the first types of coffee. Bourbon's name looks like a well-known alcoholic beverage, but in this case it's a pronounced as Bor-BONN coffee bean. Flavor highlights include the overtones of chocolate and fruit. The crossbreeding of the Bourbon plant produces many other forms of Arabica.
Caturra: Caturra is a natural Bourbon strain hybrid found to grow in Brazil in the early 1900s, but it flourishes better today in Central America's higher altitudes. This variety provides a light body coffee with a citric flavour.